CHIVALRY & RENAISSANCE
for Enlarged Photo of Medallion
From 1455 to 1485, England was divided between two families
fighting for control of the throne. The two families were the
House of York and the House of Lancaster. Each house was represented
by a rose. The House of York used a white rose, and the House
of Lancaster used a red rose. The division between the two
families became known as The War of the Roses. The War of the
Roses ended when Henry VII (representing the Lancaster family)
and Elizabeth of York (representing the York family) were married.
This marriage united the two families, and Henry VII became
the first Tudor King of England.
Tudor family is represented by the Tudor Rose. It is a rose
which combines both a red and a white rose. The Tudor
Rose symbolized the union between the red rose of the House
of Lancaster and the white rose of the House of York. The union
of the two families was reaffirmed when the son of Henry VII
and Elizabeth of York became King.
Henry had three children named Mary, Elizabeth, and Edward.
Mary was the daughter of his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.
Elizabeth was the daughter of his second wife, Anne Boleyn.
Edward was the son of his third wife, Jane Seymour. (Henry
had a total of six wives.) When Henry died, Edward became King.
His name was Edward VI. However, Edward died six years later
without any children, and his half-sister, Mary, became Queen.
Her name was Mary I. Mary also died shortly after taking the
throne, and Elizabeth became Queen. Her name was Elizabeth
I. She ruled England for many years, and her reign is known
as the Elizabethan Era.
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